References should be complied numerically according to the order of citation in the text in the Vancouver style. The numbers of references should not preferably exceed 40 for original articles, 15 for brief, and 10 for case reports. For the references credited to more than three authors please provide the name of the first three authors and represent the remaining authors by the phrase “et al.”
The authors are not allowed to utilize verbatim text of previously published papers or manuscripts submitted elsewhere.
Authors should actively participate in the peer review process and provide suitable responses to the comments raised by peer reviewers on time.
Authors must state that all data in the article are real and authentic.
Copyright: If a manuscript contains any previous published image or text, it is the responsibility of the author to obtain authorization from copyright holders. The author is required to obtain and submit the written original permission letters for all copyrighted material used in his/her manuscripts.
Peer review/responsibility for the reviewers
Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders.
Reviewers should advise editors, but the final decision on an article is made by the Editor-in-Chief.
The Editor-in-Chief have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article.
When errors are found in a manuscript, the editor promote publication of corrections or retractions.
The IJOS follows the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). COPE’s flowcharts and guidelines are approached upon confronting any ethical misbehavior.
of a published article.
The IJOS precludes business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards.
Plagiarism: Use of verbatim texts from other sources without acknowledgement is prohibited. The content of all articles must be the original work of authors and must not be plagiarized from other articles. COPE’s flowcharts and guidelines are approached in cases in which plagiarism is detected.
Image manipulation: The IJOS encourages authors to send their original images. All digital images in manuscripts accepted for publication will be checked for inappropriate manipulation. No specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable as long as they are applied to the entire image and do not misrepresent any information present in the original, including the background. The editor will request the original data from the authors to compare the manipulated figures in cases of suspected of inappropriate manipulation.
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